B17. O. lunulata group






This group holds four species. Three are Italian, O. promontorii and O. tarentina in peninsular Italy, O. panattensis in Sardinia and O. lunulata in Sicily. All are pollinated by bees of the genus Osmia and most flower quite late in the season.
Note: O. melitensis has been transfered to the O. bertolonii group, B18.


B17-1.
B17-2.
B17-3.
B17-4.
O. promontorii
O. panattensis
O. lunulata
O. tarentina

4 species documented for the time being - see below for details



B17-1. O. promontorii O.Danesch & E.Danesch 1971

This very beautiful Ophrys was originally described from monte Gargano, in the province of Foggia, on the eastern coast of Italy, but is also present, although more sparsely, in median peninsular Italy.
Ce bel Ophrys fut décrit du promontoire du Gargano, dans la province de Foggia, sur la côte adriatique de l'Italie, mais il existe aussi, bien qu'il y soit assez rare, en Italie péninsulaire médiane (Abruzzes et Latium).

Bibliography :
Kalteisen,M. & Reinhard, Hans R. 1987.- Das Areal von Ophrys promontorii O. & E. Danesch. Mitt. Bl. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württ. 19: 801-821.
O. promontorii 1Italy, Apulia
Monte Gargano
18-04-1984
O. promontorii 2Italy, Apulia
Monte Gargano
09-04-1984
O. promontorii 3Italy, Apulia
Monte Gargano
18-04-1984
O. promontorii 4
Slide Norbert Griebl
Stainz, Austria
Italy
Abruzzo
17-05-2008
O. promontorii 5
Slide Norbert Griebl
Stainz, Austria
Italy
Abruzzo
Colle della Monna
10-06-2004
O. promontorii 6
Slide Norbert Griebl
Stainz, Austria
Italy
Abruzzo
Scontrone
22-05-2008
O. promontorii 7
Slide Norbert Griebl
Stainz, Austria
Italy, Apulia
Monte Gargano
Monte San Angelo
23-04-2007
O. promontorii 8
Slide Norbert Griebl
Stainz, Austria
Italy, Apulia
Monte Gargano
San Salvatore
17-04-2010
O. promontorii 9
Slide Renate Kalz
Vienna, Austria
Italy, Apulia
Monte Gargano
Monte Sacro
24-04-2010


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B17-2. O. panattensis Scrugli, Pessei & Cogoni (pro hybr.) 1992

This species is endemic to Sardinia, where it appears to be restricted now to the mountains aroud Dorgali. It was formaly spotted in a few stations close to Sassari, but was no more recently observed over there. Highly variable, it was sometimes erroneously labelled O. lunulata.
Cette espèce, endémique de Sardaigne, semble limitée à l'heure actuelle aux montagnes de Dorgali. Précédemment observée près de Sassari, elle n'y a plus été signalée depuis longtemps. D'une grande variabilité, elle est responsable des mentions anciennes d'O. lunulata en Sardaigne.
O. panattensis 1Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 2Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 3Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 4Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 5Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 6Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 7Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 8Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 9Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000
O. panattensis 10Italy, Sardinia16-04-2000


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B17-3. O. lunulata Parlatore 1838

This very characteristic species is endemic to Sicily and Aeolian Islands where it is quite a common Ophrys with no determination difficulties.
Datas from the Maltese archipelago are dubious as they could refer to O. melitensis which can sometimes look like O. lunulata and was only quite recently described (1992).
The pollinating insect is Osmia kohli.
Cette espèce très particulière est endémique de Sicile et des îles éoliennes où elle est assez commune et ne pose aucun problèmes de détermination.
Les données concernant l'archipel maltais sont douteuses car elles peuvent se référer à O. melitensis qui ressemble parfois à O. lunulata et n'a été décrit que récemment (1992).
Le pollinisateur est Osmia kohli.


Bibliography :
Bartolo,G., Lanfranco,E., Pulvirenti,S. & Stevens,D.T. 2001.- Le Orchidaceae dell'arcipelago maltese (Mediterraneo centrale). J. Eur. Orch. 33 (3): 743-870.
Salkowski,H.-E. 1992.- Ophrys sphegodes Mill. subsp. melitensis Salkowski, subsp. nova auf Malta und Gozo. Mitt. Bl. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württ. 24: 631, 633-643.
O. lunulata 1Italy, Sicilia02-04-1986
O. lunulata 2Italy, Sicilia02-04-1986
O. lunulata 3Italy, Sicilia07-04-1981
O. lunulata 4Italy, Sicilia07-04-1981
O. lunulata 5 Italy, Sicily
Palazzolo Acreide - Solarino
Monte Grosso, 630 m
18-04-2005
O. lunulata 6 Italy, Sicily
Palazzolo Acreide - Solarino
Monte Grosso, 630 m
18-04-2005
O. lunulata 7
Two flowers
Italy, Sicily
Palazzolo Acreide - Solarino
Monte Grosso, 630 m
18-04-2005
O. lunulata 8
Two flowers
Italy, Sicily
Ferla - Necropoli di Pantelica
530 m
18-04-2005
O. lunulata 9 Italy, Sicily
Ferla - Necropoli di Pantelica
530 m
18-04-2005
O. lunulata 10
Side view
Italy, Sicily
Ferla - Necropoli di Pantelica
530 m
18-04-2005
O. lunulata 11
Two flowers
Italy, Sicily
Mazzarino - Monte Formaggio
360 m
21-04-2005


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B17-4. O. tarentina Gölz & H.R.Reinhard 1982

This species is endemic to the South of Italy, Apulia, Basilicata and Calabria, where it flowers in March and April and is pollinated by Osmia tricornis.
Cette espèce est endémique du Sud de l'Italie, dans les Pouilles, la Basilicate et la Calabre (je signale que Basilicate est féminin). Elle y fleurit en mars-avril et est pollinisée par Osmia tricornis.

Bibliography :
Gölz,P. & Reinhard 1982.- Orchideen in Süditalien. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Orchideenflora Apuliens, der Basilicata, Kalabriens und Siziliens. Mitt. Bl. Arbeitskr. Heim. Orch. Baden-Württ. 14: 1-124.
O. tarentina 1
Slide Daniel Tyteca
Ave-et-Auffe, Belgium
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca
25-03-2003
O. tarentina 2
Slide Daniel Tyteca
Ave-et-Auffe, Belgium
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca
25-03-2003
O. tarentina 3
Slide Daniel Tyteca
Ave-et-Auffe, Belgium
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca
26-03-2003
O. tarentina 4Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
04-05-2008
O. tarentina 5Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
04-05-2008
O. tarentina 6Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
04-05-2008
O. tarentina 7Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 8Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 9Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 10Italy, Apulia
Crispiano
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 11Italy, Apulia
Crispiano
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 12Italy, Apulia
Masseria Picoli - Masseria Piziferro
Alberobello - Massafra
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 13
Two flowers
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 14
Dark pink sepals and petals
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 15
Yellow edge around the lip
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 16
Discoloration of the lip
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 17
Pink sepals and petals
Italy, Apulia
Martina Franca - Massafra
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 18
Trilobate, yellow edge around the lip
Italy, Apulia
Crispiano
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 19
Pink sepals and petals
Italy, Apulia
Masseria Colucci
06-04-2013
O. tarentina 20
Yellow edge around the lip
Italy, Apulia
Masseria Chiancone - Parco delle Querce
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 21
Pinkish green sepals
Italy, Apulia
Parco delle Querce
07-04-2013
O. tarentina 22
Very colourful, magnificent flower
Italy, Apulia
Masseria Picoli - Masseria Piziferro
Alberobello - Massafra
07-04-2013


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